The Canaan Dog, or Kelev K’naani, has a life expectancy of 12 to 15 years.
The Canaan Dog originated from the land of Canaan during Biblical times. Descending from what was first called the Pariah Dog, the Canaan Dog was used by ancient Israelites for herding and guarding purposes.
When the Romans dispersed the Israelites more than 2,000 years ago, the Pariah Dog was pushed to the Negev Desert and existed in large part as a wild dog. The number of Pariah Dogs dwindled severely and the breed nearly went extinct. In 1934, Dr. Rudolphina Menzel was asked to create a dog that could be used for guarding Israeli settlements during the War of Independence. Dr. Menzel decided that the Pariah Dog would serve as the foundation stock for the new breed. She captured and bred a specific strain of the Pariah Dog to develop the Canaan Dog.
The Canaan Dog weighs 35 to 55 pounds and measures 19 to 24 inches.
The Canaan Dog has a thick double coat with a harsh, flat outer coat and soft undercoat. Most of the year, Canaan Dogs shed lightly, but during the change of seasons in the spring and fall, they shed more heavily. During their heavier shedding seasons, Canaan Dogs should be brushed a few times a week, otherwise once a week is sufficient. They are naturally clean and only need a bath when especially dirty.
Like all dogs, the Canaan Dog also needs basic grooming. Brush their teeth, clean their ears and trim their nails on a regular basis.
The Canaan Dog is smart and faithful.
The Canaan Dog is a devoted and affectionate family dog. The Canaan Dog craves attention, but does not demand it. They are laidback with their family and very good with children. Although energetic, the Canaan Dog tends to be docile in the home and with their family.
The Canaan Dog is highly loyal and protective. As such, this breed makes an effective watchdog. The Canaan Dog has keen senses and is naturally alert. However, they can be quite territorial and aloof with new people if not well socialized.
The Canaan Dog is highly intelligent and trainable. They like to use their mind and can do quite well in obedience, agility, conformation and herding. The only challenge is training Canaan Dogs is providing enough variety. They are so smart that they tend to bore easily.
As part of their training, Canaan Dogs also need early socialization. They can be suspicious of strangers and aggressive with others dogs.
The Canaan Dog is athletic and energetic. The Canaan Dog requires regular exercise in the form of a long daily walk and time outside in a secure area to run around and play. They can also make great jogging and hiking companions.