The pug is a small breed of dog which can be considered to be in the toy category. He has a wrinkled face, a nose that looks like it is pushed back and smashed, and he usually has a square type body that is thick and stocky. The term "pug" comes from an old English term which means playful little devil or monkey. They range in color from fawn, black, apricot, and silver. Their eyes are prominent and expressive because of their short muzzle. They have a tail that curls tightly over or along their back. Generally they will weigh approximately 15 pounds when fully matured, however this breed tends to gain weight easily. Pugs in the eighteenth century were long and lean but the standard today is a square body that is compact and muscular. Their eyes are large and they have wrinkles around their short neck.
Pug puppies are often referred to as puglets because they appear to be little balls of wrinkles and muscle. When they are born the pug puppies will display a glossy coat that is a solid color and accented by black on their nose and face. The tails are left undocked and preferably will curl around twice. Because their coats are short in nature they do shed but this can be minimized by frequent dog grooming to remove the excess hair. This should be started early in life so that the pug will get used to the idea of frequent brushing and grooming.
Even though the pug may display an expression that is stern, their temperament is usually one of fun. They are highly sociable, playful, charming, clever, and sometimes can show a stubborn streak. They are sensitive to the human voice and a stern voice is usually all of the punishment they need. They usually get along well with other animals but they prefer the attention which is provided by humans. They have a tendency to show jealousy and may become agitated if their human does not give them the attention they desire. They love to be lap dogs and will follow their human from one room to another so that they can remain close.
Because of their compact nose, often the pug will experience problems breathing. At times this can prevent them from cooling their body as they should. This should be taken into consideration when you have a pug in a hot environment. Because of this problem, pugs do much better in a controlled temperature that is cooler. If care is not taken with the wrinkles on their face and neck the pug could experience adverse dog health problems as a result. Because of their tendency to gain weight, healthy feeding should be considered and you should always ensure that they get the proper amount of exercise each day. Their nature is to be lazy so this is something you should get them used to each day.
When excited, the pug may experience what is known as reverse sneezes. It appears that the pug is laboring to breathe because of the snorting and wheezing sound it produces. This can usually be taken care of by gently calming the pug down to where he is once again breathing normally. When this happens it will often scare the owner but it is actually not harmful to the dog and often will go away without human intervention.