Schipperke Breed Information


The joyous, protective Schipperke has a life span of 13 to 15 years.


The Schipperke originated in the Flemish region of Belgium in the late 1600s and was bred to be a smaller version of a black sheep dog known as the Leauvenaar. The Schipperke’s main purpose was to act as a guard dog on canal boats. The name “Schipperke” means “Little Captain” in Flemish.


The Schipperke is a small dog that weighs 10 to 16 pounds and measures 10 to 13 inches.

Grooming Needs

The Schipperke has a thick and plentiful black coat that stands up off their body. The Schipperke is an average shedder that blows their coat twice a year in the spring and fall. The Schipperke should be brushed twice a week and even more frequently during their heavy shedding seasons. The Schipperke only needs a bath when necessary.

Like all dogs, the Schipperke also needs basic grooming. Brush their teeth, clean their ears and trim their nails on a regular basis. 


The Schipperke has lots of enthusiasm for life and strong instincts to defend their family.


The Schipperke was bred to be a watchdog and still makes an effective one today. The Schipperke is alert, confident and curious. They like to take note of everything going on around them. Schipperkes are generally aloof around strangers and quick to protect their family and territory. 

The Schipperke has an independent streak, but loves being with their family. The Schipperke wants to be involved in all their family’s activities. They are full of energy and often mischievous.

Training Needs

Schipperkes are known for having a mind of their own. They like to do what they want, when they want. The Schipperke will respond to training as long as they have a firm, consistent handler and lots of positive reinforcement. The Schipperke gets bored quickly so short, varied training sessions are a must. With the right training, the Schipperke can go on to compete in agility, obedience, rally and herding.

Activity Level

The Schipperke is highly energetic and active. They should have a daily walk as well as time to run around and play in the yard. Schipperkes are agile and athletic, making them a good choice for dog sports and advanced training. This dog is intelligent and needs to use both their mind and body to be happy.

View More Schipperke Puppies For Sale