The Dalmatian is the only spotted dog breed in existence today. Dalmatians typically live anywhere from 10 to 13 years.
The name “Dalmatian” comes from Dalmatia, a historic region of Croatia. Dalmatians are believed to have originated in this part of the world, although the modern breed was largely developed in England.
Dalmatians have filled many roles throughout history and were used in war and hunting. They were also widely used to protect carriages and horseback riders from stray dogs and thieves.
Dalmatians would also run alongside horse drawn fire engines to nip at the horses’ heels and keep them moving. Dalmatians have been heavily associated with firehouses ever since.
The Dalmatian measures 19 to 23 inches and weighs 40 to 70 pounds.
The Dalmatian has a distinct white coat with black or deep brown spots. Their coats are short and smooth to the touch. The Dalmatian is a heavy shedder that needs to be brushed several times a week. Luckily, the Dalmatian’s coat is dirt-resistant and they have no doggie odor. They only need to be bathed occasionally.
Like all dogs, the Dalmatian also needs basic grooming. Brush their teeth, clean their ears and trim their nails on a regular basis.
The Dalmatian is highly active and very loyal. The Dalmatian bonds closely to their family and loves to entertain them.
The Dalmatian likes people, but can be aloof and reserved with outsiders. With their family, however, the Dalmatian is quite silly and energetic. Dalmatians grow very attached to the people they love and can develop separation anxiety if left alone for long periods of time. Dalmatians are happiest when they are with their family and included in their activities.
The Dalmatian still acts as a guard dog for their family. They are alert and protective, but not aggressive.
The Dalmatian is smart and very trainable, but needs early socialization to prevent them from becoming shy or territorial. Dalmatians also thrive on consistency and a set schedule. They can get thrown off by change.
With proper training and socialization, Dalmatians tend to excel at advanced training. They can do quite well in the show ring and at obedience and agility.
The Dalmatian has lots of energy and can be rambunctious and rowdy. To keep them from acting out, Dalmatians should have a long, daily walk at the very least. They also make great jogging partners; they are tireless and can run for miles. In addition to regular exercise, Dalmatians need time to play and romp outside.